The Long Caminho

As starting point Jose Murilo de Carvalho will help itself of the workmanship of the Professor, ‘ ‘ Citizenship in Brazil: The Long Caminho’ ‘. Having Brazil adopted the model of Democratic State of Right, one affirmed as Been that if it does not submit simply to the law in mechanical and formal way, but it makes it espraiado in an equality ideal, aiming a social commitment. the democracy is the furniture of all the produced gear to arrive itself at the ends intended for the State, in view of that the participation of all for the achievement of the insertos objectives in the maximum legal document is jungida in its bulge that is the Federal Constitution. Alluded participation it is offered the citizens, by means of the universal suffrage, having as half more common to exert it, for the vote, expressing in such a way the popular sovereignty, being the people the legitimate detainer of the power. The theoretical construction seduces in them and for times we forget ourselves to cotejar it with the ftica and historical reality. But if to make this exercise our vision if desobinubila and appear pallia of light that allow in them to assume a more critical and less pueril position.

Exactly having for premise that the equality in a State capitalist is an utopia, a insupervel contradiction, and same in the Social State of Right, she is unattachable in its fullness, not if she can lose of sight the search for the reduction of the social inaquality, that is accurately what it divulges the Federal Constitution, established in the Democratic State of Right. It occurs that this attempt always is larded by fort appeals Populist, either deturpando the disposal of the social rights, over all in the authoritarian periods for us already tried, either for the guarantee of the rights politicians as arremedo of basic rights, as happened in ours denounced dictatorships civil and military or same in the democratic, indifferent governments said many times to the necessity of reforms social politics and, mxime of the education. What destarte is intended, despite without a deepening of bigger spread, in view of that the modality of the work does not allow, it is to inside argue the vote of the democratic context current, but established in passed periods, launching itself hand of one cuts and a fast historical incursion, clipping amongst some historical moments those more affection to the primrdios of the vote in Brazil, and the ones that offer some idoneous circumstances to explain the reasons that can take the institute of the vote to be used as speech of maintenance of being able.

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